Espalier tree training for new and established trees

  • When should I start training my tree
  • Tree training goals
  • Tree training techniques for specific results
    • heading and delayed heading cuts
    • pinching
    • bending
    • notching and scoring
    • grafting
    • bonsai techniques
  • What are these techniques for and when to use them
  • How to read you tree as it grows to ensure it is on course
  • How to redirect the tree if it is off course
  • Developing fruit production
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